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How to write effective resume?

The following basic guidelines would be useful tips to your creating a compelling resume:

Understand your purpose and the reader¡¯s mind

You aim to achieve an interview after sending your resume. You would like your resume to catch the attention of the recruiter among many of other resumes receive by him/her. From the recruiter¡¯s perspective, he/she wants to find out quickly and easily who you are, what you have done, where you have done it and over what period.

What are the key areas of attention in writing a resume?

When a recruiter looks at your resume, the first glance is your presentation of the information. You will appreciate the number of resumes being reviewed by the recruiters or prospective employers and thus it is important for your resume to be shortlisted as potentials during their scanning.


 Just imagine you are standing in front of the recruiters and asked to introduce yourself within 5 minutes.  What should you do to catch the recruiters¡¯ attention on the spot? 


By attending to the following 7 key principles, you will have better chances of being short listed:

1. Neat, tidy and consistent layout in presentation so that it is easy to read.

2. Use clear, concise terms and words such as  'achieved¡¯, ¡®accomplished', 'implemented¡¯, 'launched' etc.

3. Illustrate your achievements by giving examples with reference to numbers, values and percentages.

4. Keep your resume within a maximum of 5 pages.

5. Use bullet points appropriately

6. State your key competencies and areas of strength

7. Check your spellings and grammar


What contents are advisable in the resume?

You should try to avoid providing information more than that is required for the recruiters or prospective employers.  They are looking at whether you have the relevant experience, skills and competencies to the job they would like to fill.


Therefore, you should focus on the following in the contents:

Personal contact details

Ensure your full name, address, contact number (mobile & home), email address and links to any online profiles you may have, such as LinkedIn are included

Professional Attributes & Objective

Highlight your key competencies and career objective and state their relevance to the job requirements of the advertised role.


Career summary

Provide a table summary of your career showing dates, previous employer names and positions held.


Career history

List your working history starting with the current or most recent employment. If you have a long history, just focus on the last ten years or three to four jobs to show you have the practical experience that you believe fit in to the job requirements being advertised. 

Always provide a brief description of the company you worked for including their key business area, size and turnover. In addition also state your reasons of leaving your past employment to evidence your genuine grounds for changing jobs.


Personal Qualifications

Show details of qualifications both academic and professional including latest personal  development activities undertaken if any.



If you wish to provide referees for your prospective employers to undertake pre-interview checks, please include them.  Please refrain from quoting ¡°referees available on request"


What are the Do¡¯s and Don¡¯ts?


Do keep your contents easy to read , informative and relevant

Do insert keywords into your resume that are used in the job advertisement.
Do provide data to quantify your achievements.
Do tell the truth.


Don¡¯t overstate information that is irrelevant to your resume

Don¡¯t provide photographs, your age, marital status, religion, hobbies or family details

Don¡¯t use different colours for words in the contents

Don¡¯t apply unnecessary features or arts to the contents